New Online Maryland Business Filings

Maryland’s State Department of Assessments and Taxation (SDAT) now accepts certain business filings online through its web portal, available here.  This web portal permits registration of a new business, registration of trade names, and establishing Maryland business tax accounts.  Users can now complete these documents without having to go in person or use SDAT’s fax system.  You should note that the expedited filing fees are charged for using this web site.

Trademark Research and Trademark Clearance – A Primer

We previously discussed trademarks in general and how they are used by businesses to distinguish their brand of product or service.  In this post, we will discuss the trademark clearance process, and the trademark registration process with the US Patent and Trademark Office.

Trademark Clearance

Trademark clearance is the process of evaluating potential brand names against existing brand names or designs that are in use in commerce.  Trademark clearance is important for two main reasons.  First, it is of no use to a new brand to overlap with the brand name of another business that is already being used in commerce.  This will tend to lead to consumer confusion about who makes your product.  Second, if another business is already using a particular mark, you run the risk of nasty letters from that business’ attorney, and potentially a lawsuit for infringement and/or dilution of that mark.  If you have already committed substantial money to develop and market a particular brand name, then discover that your mark is already in use by another in the same market area, not only will you lose the money invested in your marketing, but you could be sued.

You should always talk with an attorney licensed in your state before making decisions about your brand or design mark.

Market Research

Generally, a person starting out in business should conduct some research on similar or competing businesses that are already established in the market place.  For example, if you wanted to start a new information technology company that virtualizes physical servers, you would want to find out if there are other businesses with that kind of technology.  VMWare and Microsoft are major players in this market.  You would then want to take a look at the brand names that these companies use to distinguish their software for virtualization.  For example, Microsoft uses a brand name, “Hyper-V” or “Hyper-V Server” for this product offering.  VMWare uses a number of individual brand names for its suite of products.  You will note, however, that each one of these names begins with a lower case “v.”  This business also uses “VMWare” itself as a brand name when you peruse their marketing materials.

From this preliminary research, you would likely rule out a product name that included “Hyper-V” or “VM” or “VMWare” in your name.  You will also note that a lot of the literature on virtualization uses the marketing concept of “cloud” or “cloud computing.”  It is possible that there are companies that develop virtualization software that include the word “cloud” or “cloud computing” in their brand name.  For example, a google search for “cloud computing” turns up a paid ad for Oracle, HP, and a link to IBM’s web site.  So, “cloud” may also not make sense to be a part of your software’s brand name or identity.  You might also rule out starting out your product branding with the lower case letter “v,” as VMWare may enjoy “family of marks” protection.

Knowing what’s in use in the market can help you start thinking about how to describe your product, and how you want to distinguish your software from the existing companies that make this kind of software.  Understanding the words that are commonly used by customers or businesses that offer similar services to your new business will help you to get into the mindset for branding your company’s product or service.

Potential Brand Names

From here, you would want to work on developing a list of potential brand names for your product.  As you may be aware, the law recognizes varying degrees of protection for marks on a sliding scale.  Brands or marks that are merely descriptive of a product or service generally cannot be registered, except under specific circumstances (that the brand has been used in commerce for long enough to develop a secondary meaning).  Also, marks that are generic, which is, that tend to represent a category of goods (think “Thermos” which about 100 years ago was a trademark that became so effective that everyone called their hot drink carrier a thermos) cannot be registered.  These two groupings of marks will generally condemn the mark to little or no protection should another start using that mark with his or her goods.  (For a general discussion of trademark protection, take a look at the case of Abercrombie & Fitch v. Hunting World, Inc., 537 F.2d 4 (1976)).

However, a mark that is “suggestive” or is “arbitrary and fanciful,” which is a fancy way of saying that the mark is distinctive, will receive more protection from infringers.  For example, “Coke” or “Coca-Cola” are trademarks for a very well known brand of soft drink.  The word “coke” literally means a fuel that is derived from coal.  I doubt that one would say that this word would, in a literal way, have much of anything to do with a carbonated soft drink, but you could see why this might be suggestive – the caffeine in this soft drink powers many a late night programmer (along with pizza) to hack out some code for a morning deadline!


Coming up with a list of potential names is a challenge for many businesses.  However, after you get the creative juices flowing and have a list, the next step is to work with a Trademark attorney to review your list to help narrow the field.  An attorney can help you to identify “generic” or merely descriptive proposed marks that are unlikely to be accepted for registration.  In addition, an attorney can perform a preliminary search to see if there are existing marks already registered that are the same or very similar to a proposed mark.  These steps will reduce your list of potential marks.

After this hurdle, you can identify what potential marks you want to pursue.  If appropriate, an attorney can order a more comprehensive search from a trademark search business to identify, more broadly, those marks already in use in commerce that may overlap with the proposed mark.  The attorney can then help you understand your chances at a successful registration of a proposed mark.


Note: Marks mentioned in this article are the property of their respective owners.  Use of these marks is not meant to imply endorsement of this article.

Implementing Stages of Meaningful Use

With the release of the final Stage 2 Meaningful Use regulations, CMS issued a CMS Press Release on Stage 2 that, among other things, attempted to clarify when practices that implement an EHR will need to comply with which stage of the regulations.  In the beginning of the incentive program, there was some concern that practices that delayed EHR adoption might have to jump right to a later stage of meaningful use to obtain any incentive money.  The following chart describes the current phased-in approach based on when a practice first adopts an EHR as compared to when that practice has to demonstrate which stage of meaningful use.

As you can see, for practices that decide to adopt an EHR in 2013, the individual eligible providers will be able to demonstrate compliance with the Stage 1 criteria in both 2013 and 2014, delaying the Stage 2 criteria to 2015.  Readers should note that Medicare eligible providers that delay implementing an EHR until 2015 will not be eligible for any incentive dollars; instead they will just be staving off the proposed Medicare reimbursement cuts of 1% per year (up to 5%) by adopting EHR.  See § 495.211.  For those Medicaid eligible providers, the last year one might adopt an EHR is 2017 to be able to receive any incentive payments (though such a provider would not have to meet the Stage 2 criterion until 2019).  See § 495.310.

Comparing Meaningful Use Stage 1 and Stage 2 Criteria

In an earlier post, I had analyzed side by side the final Stage 1 criteria for achieving meaningful use to the interim Stage 2 criteria that will be phased in starting in 2014.  Following that analysis, HHS released the final Stage 2 criteria.  As a result, the comparison has changed a bit from my post earlier this year.  The following two tables analyze the final Stage 1 Core and Menu Criteria in comparison to the same for the final Stage 2 criteria.

A few highlights on what changed between the interim and final Stage 2 criteria.  First, a few of the final Stage 2 criteria ended up reducing the compliance metrics from what was proposed in the initial Stage 2 criteria.  See 495.6(j)(1), (j)(9) and (j)(11).

However, a few of the Stage 2 criteria metrics were changed to include additional requirements for compliance which might present a curve ball for those of you planning on obtaining compliance with these.  For example, in the final Stage 2 regulation, the criterion on patient access to health information has an added metric that 5% of patients actually download information available electronically from the provider.  You may want to contact your information systems vendor to determine if the portal you are implementing can provide you with this kind of information as it may not be collected and stored in a way that a report could be generated to evaluate compliance.

In addition, a new Menu criterion was added in the final Stage 2 regulations, found at 495.6(k)(6).  Here, a practice could elect to enter patient chart information as structured data; the metric requires that 30% of patients that are seen during the reporting period have data entered in this manner.  As a practical matter, many EHR systems today will store documented patient information as structured data where the patient visit is documented electronically as a part of the patient visit.  This might be an easy Menu criterion to comply with (as you need to pick three of the six total criteria in the final Stage 2 regulations).

Table 1 – Core Criteria Under Stage 1 and Stage 2 Meaningful Use Comparison

Eligible Providers must meet all of the Core Criteria to Qualify for the Incentives.  Stage 1 had 15; Stage 2 has 17.  Stage 1 meaningful use Core Criteria are found in section 495.6(d) for eligible providers.  Stage 2 meaningful use Core Criteria are found in section 495.6(j) for eligible providers.

Core Criteria for EPSubsections (d), (j) Stage 1 Metric Stage 2 Metric
§ 495.6(j)(1) – provider use of CPOE for medication, lab, and radiology orders [§ 495.6(d)(1)] 30% of orders 60% of medication orders;30% of lab and rad orders
§ 495.6(d)(2) – drug-drug and drug-allergy checking Enabled during period moved to 495.6(j)(9), same metric
§ 495.6(d)(3) – maintain up to date problem list 80% of patients subsumed into transition of care requirement.
§ 495.6(j)(2) electronic prescriptions [§ 495.6(d)(4)] 40% of Rx 50% of Rx
§ 495.6(d)(5) – active medication list 80% of patients subsumed into transition of care requirement.
§ 495.6(d)(6) – active allergy list 80% of patients subsumed into transition of care requirement.
§ 495.6 (j)(3) demographics [§ 495.6(d)(7)]50% of patients with encounters 80% of patients with encounters
§ 495.6 (j)(4) vital signs [§ 495.6(d)(8)]50% of patients with encounters 80% of patients with encounters
§ 495.6 (j)(5) smoking status [§ 495.6(d)(9)]50% of patients with encounters 80% of patients with encounters
§ 495.6(d)(10) – reporting clinical measures to CMS or State Successful testing not a separate criterion; CQM submission required
§ 495.6 (j)(6) decision support [§ 495.6(d)(11)] Implement 1 decision support intervention Implement 5 decision support interventions
§ 495.6 (j)(7) lab results as structured data [§ 495.6(e)(2)] Was Menu in Stage 1; 40% of all lab results 55% of all lab results
§ 495.6 (j)(8) patient lists by specific condition for QI [§ 495.6(e)(3)] Was Menu in Stage 1; at least 1 list At least 1 list
§ 495.6 (j)(9) patient reminders [§ 495.6(e)(4)] Was Menu in Stage 1; 20% of patients sent during period 10% of patients seen in last 2 years receive a reminder
§ 495.6 (j)(10) patient electronic access of health information [§ 495.6(e)(5)] Was Menu in Stage 1; 10% of patients receive timely access 50% of patients receive timely access & 5% actually download information
§ 495.6 (j)(11) clinical summaries at patient visit [§ 495.6(d)(13)] 50% receive summary from office visit 50% receive summary from office visit
§ 495.6 (j)(12) patient education resources [§ 495.6(e)(6)] Was Menu in Stage 1; 10% of patients receive ed. resources 10% of all office visits
§ 495.6 (j)(13) medication reconciliation for transition of care [§ 495.6(e)(7)] Was Menu in Stage 1; 50% of transitions have recon 50% of transitions of care have medication recon
§ 495.6 (j)(14) patients transitioned to another provider’s care have care summary prepared by provider [§ 495.6(e)(8)] Was Menu in Stage 1; 50% of transitions have recon 50% of transitions of care have patient summary; 10% of transitions must involve exchange of data
§ 495.6 (j)(15) capability to submit electronic data to immunization registry [§ 495.6(e)(9)] Was Menu in Stage 1; perform 1 test to registry Ongoing submission of data to registry during CY
§ 495.6 (j)(16) security risk assessments under HIPAA security regulations [§ 495.6(d)(15)] Conduct security assessment Conduct security assessment
§ 495.6 (j)(17) use electronic messaging to communicate with patients N/A 5% of patients seen during period received secure message from provider
[§ 495.6(d)(14)] – capability to exchange key clinical information among care providers and patients One test of exchange N/A
[§ 495.6(d)(12)] 50% of patients receive timely access 50% in 3 days on patient request N/A

Table 2 – Menu Criteria Under Stage 1 and Stage 2 Meaningful Use Comparison

In Stage 1, EP had to meet 5 out of 10 Menu Criteria to qualify.  In Stage 2, EP must meet 3 out of the 6 Menu Criteria to qualify.  Stage 1 meaningful use Menu Criteria are found in section 495.6(e) for eligible providers.  Stage 2 meaningful use Menu Criteria are found in section 495.6(k) for eligible providers.

Menu Criteria for EPSubjections (e), (k) Stage 1 Metric Stage 2 Metric
§ 495.6(k) (1) – access to imaging results in EHR N/A 10% of imaging results in EHR
§ 495.6(k) (2) patient family health history in structured data N/A 20% of all patients seen
§ 495.6(k) (3) capability to submit syndromic surveillance data to public health agency [§ 495.6(e)(10)] Was Menu in Stage 1; perform 1 test to registry Successful ongoing submission of data for period
§ 495.6(k) (4) capability to identify and report cancer cases to State cancer registry N/A Successful ongoing submission of data for period
§ 495.6(k) (5) capability to report other specialized registry (other than cancer) to specialized registry N/A Successful ongoing submission of data for period
§ 495.6(k) (6) record electronic notes in patient records N/A 30% of patients seen during the reporting period
[§ 495.6(e)(1)] – implement drug formulary checking Enable functionality Moved to Core / decision support
[§ 495.6(e)(2)] – lab results as structured data 40% of lab results are structured data Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(3)] – generate lists by specific conditions 1 reporting list Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(4)] – send reminders to patients for follow-up care 20% of patients Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(5)] – Provide patients with timely access to health information 10% of patients have electronic access Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(6)] – Use EHR for patient education 10% of patients Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(7)] – Incoming transition of care to EP medication reconciliation 50% of patients have medication recon Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(8)] – Outgoing transition of care from EP care record summary 50% of patients have care summary Moved to Core
[§ 495.6(e)(9)] – immunization registry 1 certified test Moved to Core


Abe Lincoln – A Personal Hero

I was recently tooling on Facebook this week and noticed an advertisement for the movie “Lincoln” that is scheduled for general release next month.  After clicking on the ad, the individuals promoting this film will be happy to know that I was among those converted to a fan of their Facebook page (as of today, numbering around 44,000).  I was prompted by this Facebook ad to write about Lincoln.  Abraham Lincoln is a personal hero for several reasons.  Of course, Lincoln died a national hero in service to the country.  He served at one of the most difficult times in our nation’s history when pretty much no one else wanted to be president.  And he remains well-known for a number of sound-bites from his speeches that continue to resonate with the public today.  However, he’s a hero to me for several other reasons.

First, he was an attorney for most of his career, and as an attorney, handled many humdrum business disputes, and represented a number of clients over the years.  Such a caseload is not terribly dissimilar today for many small and solo practitioners today like me who make an effort to help the clients that come to them.  Second, Lincoln was, for the most part, a failed politician for most of his career.  While he served as a local politician early in his career, his attempts at federal office and as a presidential candidate outnumbered the times he was elected to such offices.  And, for those students of history out there, Lincoln’s prosecution of the Civil War involved a series of hard losses for the union, at the cost of the lives of many.  Lincoln, however persevered in the face of failure.  I think to myself that if Lincoln could manage to bear the tremendous loss of human life (both during the civil war and also in his personal life at the death of two of his children), surely I can manage when I lose a trial or a client decides to not pay his bill!

Finally, Lincoln was able to change his mind, particularly on the major issue of the union: slavery.  Lincoln did not start out as an abolitionist, even though today I think most would agree that slavery is plainly wrong.  I think it took Lincoln most of his life to come to that conclusion publicly, well after the civil war had started.  Even at the outset of war, Lincoln’s argument was not that slavery was wrong, but that states did not have the legal right to secede.  I aspire to be open to changing my mind, even on ideas I might hold quite dear.

I look forward to the movie next month, and hope you will too!

Final Stage 2 Meaningful Use Regulations

The final version of the Meaningful Use regulations, including the final Stage 2 requirements, were published at the end of August.  A copy of the full regulations can be found here: 2012-21050 (you can also get these from the Federal Register’s web site; the final regulations were published on September 4, 2012.)  The final version of the Stage 2 regulations are similar to the interim regulations that were published earlier this year (and discussed in this post).  However, the final regulations made some changes to what’s in store for providers trying to obtain their incentive payments from the interim regulations.  This article is intended to briefly cover these changes.

Core Criteria Changes

First, the Stage 2 metrics for specific Core criteria were reduced from the interim regulation targets.  For example, for provider use of computerized order entry (§ 495.6(j)(1)), the interim regulations for Stage 2 required that 60% of orders be computerized.  The final regulations softened this so that only 60% of medication orders be electronic, leaving the target of 30% for lab and radiology orders where it had been under Stage 1.  Also, the Stage 2 target for electronic prescriptions in the interim regulation was to be 65% of all prescriptions (up from 40% in Stage 1).  In the final Stage 2 regulation, the metric has been reduced to 50%.

There was also a reduction in the final Stage 2 metrics for (j)(13) and (j)(14) requirements for patients that transition care.  The interim Stage 2 regulations had a metric of 65% of patients with transitions of care have a medication reconciliation performed, and for outgoing transitions, the provider prepare a care summary for the receiving provider.  The final regulations reduce this metric to 50% where it stood when these were Stage 1 Menu criterion.

The final regulations also reduced the target metric for the criterion for using electronic messaging to communicate with patients in (j)(17).  The interim regulations had set the metric at 10%; the final regulations reduce this to 5%.

However, there are other changes that may pose some dilemmas for providers.  The interim Stage 2 core criterion include one for patient electronic access to health information.  This originally was a Stage 1 Menu criterion; it becomes a core criterion in Stage 2.  The metric in the interim Stage 2 regulation was that 50% of patients receive timely access to information in their chart (up from 10% in Stage 1).  However, in the final Stage 2 regulation, there is a second aspect to the metric – namely, that 5% of patients actually download information made available to them.  It is not clear how this will be measured by the software, and it is also not clear how providers will cause patients to download the data made available to them.

An additional metric was added to (j)(14) between the interim and final Stage 2 regulations.  Not only must 50% of patients have a care summary prepared by the provider as part of the transition of care, but 10% of these transitions must involve the electronic exchange of data between the two providers.  This core requirement will tend to incentivize referral patterns between providers that are able to send and receive electronic data between them or through regional health information exchanges.  As a result, those that are unable to participate in such exchanges will become increasingly isolated.

Menu Criteria Changes

There were also two changes in the Menu criteria between the interim and final Stage 2 regulations.  First, the target metric for the first menu criterion, access to imaging results in the EHR, was reduced to 10% in the final regulations from 40% in the interim regulations.  Second, a new menu criterion was added to encourage providers to actually document notes into structured data within the EHR system, and setting the metric to 30% of patients seen during the period.


Trademarks 101

What are trademarks?

Trademarks are a word or words, an image, or other similar marking that identify the source of a product or service.  Historically, trademarks were used in various aspects of commerce, including marking goods that were shipped so that, in the event of a shipwreck, the owner of the goods could claim them instead of the goods escheating to the crown.  In the age of guilds, individual craftsmen would have a mark they would apply to goods they individually made so that the guild would be able to trace a product back to its individual maker in the event that the good did not meet the standards of the guild.  Trademarks have even been found on ancient goods in the Roman empire.[1]  Marks have been around for a long time and serve an important purpose.

Today, there are numerous trademarks that are almost universally recognized: Coke, Pepsi, McDonald’s, Cisco, IBM, HP, Ford, Facebook.[2]  All of these words signify a particular maker of a product or service – Coke and Pepsi represent their respective soft drink products; McDonald’s represents a certain brand of fast food (as distinguishable from Checker’s, Red Robin, Wendy’s, Burger King, and many others); Cisco, IBM, and HP are all respective computer and software makers; Ford for cars; Facebook for a web site that introduced the world to social media.

Why should I register a mark?

Intellectual Property, of which trademarks are one kind, presents specific challenges for those that want to own and protect it from use by others.  Unlike physical property, which you can touch (and potentially can protect by a lock, fence, or gate), intellectual property is intangible.  As a result, securing IP requires a different action to protect it from infringement or dilution by others.  Prosecuting and securing a registration is an important way to mark out the boundaries of your intellectual property.  The research required prior to registration of a mark helps a prospective trademark owner determine if a proposed mark is already in use, and if so, for what product or service.

This research is important to help a prospective trademark owner from using a mark that infringes on someone else’s intellectual property, thereby avoiding unnecessary litigation.  In addition, a “cleared” mark is more likely to be distinctive as a brand for its associated product or service, which of course is the whole point of having a brand name in the first place – to distinguish your product in the market place.

Registration of a trademark that is in use in commerce also helps a mark owner to protect that mark from use by others without authorization, as the registration itself represents constructive notice to a would be mark user to not use the mark.[3]  In addition, a mark registration helps simplify a trademark owner’s infringement law suit against unlicensed users, as a registered mark carries with it the presumption of validity as to the mark (and five years after registration, the registration itself becomes conclusive evidence of ownership as to the registered mark).[4]  Moreover, registration provides an owner with more remedies than an unregistered mark owner under federal law.[5]

So while registration is not mandatory, there are strong incentives for a trademark owner to register his mark, particularly if you plan to be in business for the longer term with a particular product or service.

In addition, a substantial portion of the value of businesses today comes from a business’ intellectual property, including the brand names used to distinguish its products and services in the market.  In fact, as we move further into an “information economy,” I would conservatively estimate that a majority of a business’ value comes from its intellectual property.  Identifying and protecting a brand name is a key step in the business planning process for any business.  Also, because of the widespread adoption and use of the internet globally, protecting one’s brand name from infringement is more important than it ever has been for business.

[1] See Francis, Collins, “Patent Law,” 5th Edition at page 983 and footnote a that provides further reading material for the history of trademarks.

[2] Marks referenced above are the property of their respective owners.  None of the mark owners are affiliated or suggested to endorse the statements of the author of this article.

[3] See 15 U.S.C. § 1072.

[4] See 15 U.S.C. §§ 1065, 1115(b).

[5] See, for example, 15 U.S.C. § 1111.

Cloud Computing Primer for Attorneys

The following is my presentation file from the annual Maryland State Bar Association meeting.  I was a panelist on the topic of Cloud Computing: Fact or Fiction on June 15, 2012.  My presentation discussed some of the basic issues about cloud computing, such as what it is, the cost savings that may be possible by moving to the cloud, some of the security issues with computing, and some of the ethics issues that practicing attorneys face when making decisions about computing systems.

If you have any questions about this presentation, please feel free to email or call me to discuss them.  Thanks.

Cloud Computing Fact or Fiction

FarmVille, CityVille, This-Ville That-Ville

There are an almost endless number of online games.  Some of them end in -ville.  For that, we have game maker Zynga to thank.  Zynga recently had an initial public offering (IPO), where they became a publicly traded company.  (Zynga, by the way, had set its initial stock price at $10 per share.  Today it is trading down, though the stock had a brief period over $10/share around the time that Facebook announced it would be doing its own IPO later this year.  This impacts Zynga because Zynga itself primarily makes games, like Farmville, to be played on Facebook.)  Farmville and the other games out there used to be grouped under the category of massively multiplayer online games.  I think people stopped using this because the MMOG (or MMORPG for online role playing games) shorthand didn’t spell out anything cool.  And we all have the attention span of six seconds.  I just changed the channel.

What’s surprising is that an online game maker would have an IPO.  It used to be that game makers were local mom and pop shops with a few employees (some of whom were here in Hunt Valley, Maryland, like good old Microprose).  But game makers have become increasingly complex, in some ways like movie production houses.  Games themselves have also pushed the technology envelope.  New games were often an excuse for computer owners to buy a new computer (including yours truly) so that one would have sufficient RAM and a fast enough video card to play the new game du jour.  Given that, the overall online gaming market continues to grow, and the need to access larger amounts of capital to create new games (both in dollars and human capital), it seems likely that more game makers will become publicly traded businesses (or be acquired by existing, large companies like Sony or Disney).

Farmville itself, and its ken, employ several tactics to increase their profit.  First off, activities on Farmville take a certain amount of time to occur.  For example, certain crops on your farm take a variable amount of time to grow, ranging from a few hours (in real time) or a few days.  If you are in a hurry, you can convert real money into game currency, and speed up certain tasks.  In Farmville, it doesn’t appear that there is a way to convert Farmville currency back into real dollars (though this is the case in other systems, such as Second Life).  In addition, there is substantial advertising within the gaming system itself which generates a certain amount of value back to Zynga.  Farmville also has a social component, in that users can become neighboring farmers, and can share resources or tend to each other’s farms.  Farmville attempts to exploit the network effect of allowing users to belong to a virtual community of other game users.  By that I mean that the more users of the game, the more they interact, and the interactions create more users, causing a positive feedback loop that increases the value of the game to its users and Zynga.

There are a lot of online games these days.  Civilization has been working on a release within Facebook.  Ultima (an Electronic Arts game) has operated its own online system on various shards (servers) throughout the world.  Ultima has also recently been advertising a release of its system on Facebook.  EA, by the way, is also a publicly traded company.  Ultima itself has been available for a long time (I have fond memories of trying to complete Ultima III on an old PC).  Blizzard’s World of Warcraft, along with dozens of others, are out there.  For WoW users, lists in-game items available for purchase with real money.  In fact, there have arisen a number of game “sweat shops” where employees work on building up inventory for various online games to offer those virtual items for sale for real currency.  As an industry, it appears that these games are here to stay.

The interesting question is whether online computer gaming can be applied within the regular business world. seems to think so.

Klout and You

Klout is an online influence metric.  The site gathers information from your twitter, linkedin, facebook, google+, instagram, and other online social media web sites, and calculates a score of how your online postings influence others on the good, ole interweb.  This is an interesting metric because, if you are trying to have an impact on other users, you can experiment and see if your Klout score improves or declines.  Having a metric is helpful because the internet can be a very large echo chamber, with no outside way to measure if all the bouncing around off the rocks has any actual impact on your readership.

Try Klout out yourself and see what your current score is.  See how posting more content on various social media web sites impacts others that may follow what you are posting.  Where Klout looks for its scoring is also interesting – you might investigate whether you should join one or more of those web properties.  For example, I do have a google+ account, but rarely spend a lot of time with it.  There are a number of people that have added me to their circles and post content on google+, but I don’t spend too much time on it.  However, I thought I would check it out today.  The Dalai Lama posted a comment that we ought to use the time we have in a meaningful way.  Nice.  If you aren’t using social media to get out your message, maybe now is a good time to start doing something!